Selection Guide For
Traditional Christmas Trees

Balsam Fir
Found throughout the Canadian Maritimes and remote parts of northern New England, this fir was the first plantation-grown Christmas tree in the Northeast.  Its soft, dark green foliage, with flattened needles about three-quarters of an inch in length, has a distinctive "balsam" aroma.  Its sturdy branching and excellent needle retention have made it a longtime favorite Christmas tree.

Canaan Fir
Found widely within the Canaan Valley of northeastern West Virginia, this tree is a genetic variation of traditional Balsam Fir.  Native also to Pennsylvania and New York where it can be found in remote stands, its range extends as far north as Sheet Harbour, Nova Scotia.  Although similar in appearance to the traditional sources, its needles tend to be longer, about one inch in length, and vary more in color.  Its foliage, however, can often retain the bottlebrush appearance of Fraser Fir, its southern counterpart.  Relatively new to the Christmas tree industry, its popularity continues to rise.

Concolor Fir
Most commonly known as White Fir, this evergreen is widely distributed throughout the southwestern United States, from the Rockies of Colorado and New Mexico in the east, to California's Sierra Nevada range in the west.  Its soft, silvery-blue foliage, with flattened needles about two to three inches in length, has a distinctive citrus aroma.  Its outstanding color and excellent needle retention make it an increasingly popular Christmas trees.

Douglas Fir
First studied by Scottish botanist, David Douglas, in the 1820's, this conifer is widely distributed throughout western North America from the interior lake country of British Columbia to the mountains of Mexico.  Found in the central Rockies, the hardy "blue" strain is widely used as a Christmas tree in the Northeast.  Its lush, blue-green foliage, with needles about one inch in length, is very attractive.  Its sturdy branching and outstanding needle retention make this evergreen a holiday favorite.

Fraser Fir
Also known as "Southern Balsam," this stately fir, native to the Great Smoky Mountains of western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee, is closely related to its northern counterpart.  Its soft, emerald-green needles with silvery undersides are about three-quarters of an inch in length.  Its bottlebrush texture, sturdy branching, and outstanding needle retention make it a superb Christmas tree whose popularity has grown rapidly in recent years.

 








 

Scotch Pine
Known as the cosmopolitan tree of Europe, this conifer was one of the first plantation-grown Christmas trees in the United States.  Its sharp, blue-green foliage, with needles about two to three inches in length, can be sheared to an appealing density.  Its conical shape, excellent color, and needle retention made it the Christmas tree of choice for many years.

White Pine
Widely distributed throughout the forests of eastern North America, this tree, native to the Northeast, has soft, lacy, blue-green foliage with needles about three to four inches in length.  A very graceful-looking evergreen, its fragrance and excellent needle retention made it a popular Christmas tree for many years, especially in the traditional South.

Colorado Blue Spruce
Found throughout the central Rockies, this spruce borrows its name from the Centennial State and has stout, three-sided needles about three-quarters of an inch in length.  Its foliage can vary in color from dark green to indigo blue.  Its sturdy branching and good needle retention make it a desirable Christmas tree, while its excellent form and outstanding color make it the premier ornamental evergreen.

Norway Spruce
Native to the great Baltic conifer forest of northern Europe, this tree has shiny, dark green foliage with needles about one-half inch in length.  Often found at a choose & harvest plantation, the rich foliage of this spruce can exhibit good needle retention with proper care.  Its value as an ornamental landscape tree is also widely recognized.

White Spruce
Spanning the entire width of North America, this spruce is decidedly Northland tree found throughout the lake-studded Canadian Shield and northern United States.  Its delicate, blue-green foliage, with needles about one-half inch in length, is very appealing.  Given proper care, this tree also exhibits good needle retention and can be found most often in a choose & harvest plantation.  Its excellent form and color make it an exceptional Christmas tree.